UVA/UVB (UV) sun exposure, skin cancer and even melanoma are an ever increasing
health threat for everyone. Solartex carries numerous products such as UV hats, a wide-brimmed sun hat variety, sunscreen, swim shirts, sun protective clothes, baby sunglasses and other items
to keep you and your children safe in the sun without ruining
the fun! Below are some informational links regarding UV sun
Children and UV Sun Exposure:
Solartex is committed to educating parents, other caregivers
and children about protecting themselves against the harmful
rays of the sun and preventing skin cancer all year round. The earlier that children learn
these lessons the better, since sun exposure begins in earliest
childhood. The more that children are exposed to the sun, the
greater their chances of permanent skin damage and even skin
Sunburn in childhood - Just one blistering
sunburn in childhood is estimated to double the risk of getting
melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer, later in life.
Preventing sunburns in children should result in reductions
in skin cancer in the future. Protect your children wherever
they are, including camp, the pool, theme parks, the beach,
the lake, etc.
Who is vulnerable to skin cancer? People who
burn easily in the sun and who lack natural pigment protection,
are most at risk for skin cancer. Typically, people with fair
skin, blonde or light-colored hair, green or blue eyes and people
who freckle easily are at greatest risk. Skin cancer can occur
in people of Hispanic and African American backgrounds, as well
as people with darker complexions. Certainly, people who have
had a family member with melanoma should pay special attention
to sun protection. Anyone can develop skin cancer! More
teenagers and young adults are being diagnosed with skin cancer
than ever before. This includes a rise in the deadliest form
of skin cancer - melanoma.
Children and teens will always try to make their own decisions
on everything. However, if you practice good sun protection
when your children are very small, they will be the ones reminding
you to wear sun protective clothing, sun protective swimwear, UV hats, swim shirts, sunscreen, sunglasses and a wide-brimmed sun hat, and hopefully in the teen
years will avoid tanning parlors and excess sun exposure.
UV Sun Safety Information from the Skin
Protect Yourself and Your Family All Year Round
- Seek the Shade, especially between 10
A.M. and 4 P.M.
- Do not burn.
- Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher
- Apply 1 ounce(2 tablespoons) of sunscreen
to your entire body 30 minutes before going outside. Reapply
every two hours.
- Cover up with clothing, including a broad-brimmed
hat and UV-blocking sunglasses.
- Keep newborns out of the sun. Sunscreens
should be used on babies over the age of six months.
- Examine your skin head-to-toe every month.
- See your doctor every year for a professional
- Avoid tanning and UV tanning salons.
for Sun Protection:
Dress for Sun Protection, excerpted from the Skin Cancer
Foundation web site:
The sun provides us with life itself, and with many of its pleasures.
Yet the sun is enemy as well as friend. More than 90% of all
skin cancers are the result of exposure to the ultraviolet radiation
of the sun. Does this mean you should never go out in the sun?
No one gives this advice. What we do advise is that every person
follow the common-sense practices of sun protection - minimizing
exposure when the sun is at its peak, wearing protective clothing,
including a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses, using a sunscreen
with an SPF of 15 or greater. These tips are particularly important
for babies and children.
High-SPF Clothing is Here
Clothes may make the man, but if you're not careful, they may
also make you tan. New research from the Morehouse School of
Medicine in Atlanta, GA, suggests that the most popular summer
garb - shirts and polo shirts - may not adequately protect against
solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) and skin cancer.
Fortunately, new "highly UV-protective" clothing is available.
And even standard attire provides good sun protection if you
know what to look for.
The Well-Dressed Mouse
In the Morehouse study, typical summer shirt fabrics, with a
sun protection factor (SPF) of 6.5, were compared against new
"special" fabric with a broad-spectrum SPF over 30. The researchers
separated hairless mice into four groups of 10: one not exposed
to UV; one exposed to UV but unprotected by fabric; one shielded
by typical fabric, and one by high-SPF fabric.
For 12 weeks, all groups but the first were exposed to modest
but increasingly higher doses of solar-simulating UV on their
backs 5 times a week. When the irradiation ended, nine mice
in the unprotected group and six in the typical clothing group
had premalignant lesions. After 12 more weeks, all mice in these
two groups had squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). In contrast,
the mice protected by high-SPF fabric showed no reddening, or
erythema, throughout the study, and developed no cancers or
Although the radiation doses required to produce SCC are lower
in hairless mice than in humans, the relative degree of protection
provided by the typical and special fabrics is the same for
both rodents and people. "Thus, the fact that precancerous and
cancerous lesions were initiated through the typical fabric
is reason for concern," says head researcher J. M. Menter, Ph.D.
"Sun-sensitive people who spend a good deal of time outside
may be at significant risk for skin cancer even while wearing
such fabric. Appropriate sun apparel, however, should offer
effective protection against both short-term and long-term photodamage."
The new high-SPF clothing, developed for patients with photosensitive
skin or skin cancer, is an obvious choice for appropriate sun
wear. Containing colorless compounds, fluorescent brighteners,
or specially treated resins that absorb UV, the clothing often
provides an SPF of 30 or higher. Some emerging materials, such
as resin-coated Japanese formulations, may vastly increase this
protection. A team at the University of New South Wales in Australia
has developed an astonishing compound that imbues pure close-knit
cotton with an SPF of 100.
Tried and True
Even if you don't want to hunt for the special fabrics, a growing
body of research shows that a variety of everyday apparel offers
excellent sun protection. Some textile fibers, such as polyester
crepe, bleached cotton, and viscose, are quite transparent to
UV and should be avoided in the sun. But other standard fibers
have high SPFs. Unbleached cotton, for example, contains lignins,
pigments that act as powerful UV absorbers, while high-luster
polyesters and even thin, satiny silk can be highly protective
because they reflect radiation.
Weave may be even more important than
fabric type. In general, the tighter the weave or knit, the
higher the SPF. To assess protection simply, hold the material
up to a window or lamp and see how much light gets through.
Darker clothes also generally have a higher SPF.
Remember, virtually all garments lose about
a third of their sun-protective ability when wet. Also, no clothing
can protect you head to toe; be sure to wear sunglasses, and
use an SPF 15+ sunscreen on all exposed skin.
Skin Cancer Facts:
Skin cancer risks in general:
- More than a million people will be diagnosed with skin cancer
- The incidence of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer,
is rising faster than that of any other cancer. The risk of
developing melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer,
has more than doubled in the past decade.
- One in 5 Americans will get skin cancer in the course of
- One person dies every hour from skin cancer, primarily
- By 2010, melanoma is projected to rise to one in 50 Americans.
- Nationally, there are more new cases of skin cancer each
year than the combined incidence of cancers of the breast,
prostate, lung, and colon.
- More than 90 percent of all skin cancers are caused by
sun exposure, yet fewer than 33 percent of adults, adolescents,
and children routinely use sun protection.
- New research shows that UVA rays cause more genetic damage
than UVB rays in the skin cells where most skin cancers arise
- the keratinocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. UVB
rays tend to cause damage in more superficial epidermal layers.
- While melanoma is uncommon in African-Americans, Latinos,
and Asians, it is most deadly for these populations.
Risks for men
- The majority of people diagnosed with melanoma are white
men over age 50.
- Skin cancer is the #1 cancer in men over age 50, ahead
of prostate, lung and colon cancer.
- Middle-aged and older men have the poorest track record
for performing monthly skin self exams or regularly visiting
a dermatologist. They are the least likely individuals to
detect melanoma in its early stages.
- Men over age 40 spend the most time outdoors and have the
highest annual exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
Risks for women
- Melanoma kills more young women than any other cancer.
- In the past thirty years, skin cancer has tripled in women
under age 40.
- The incidence of melanoma is increasing rapidly in women
under age 40. It is now the most common cancer in young women
aged 25-29, and second only to breast cancer in women aged
Risks for teens/children
- One blistering sunburn in childhood more than doubles a
person's chances of developing melanoma later in life.
- Regular sun protection throughout childhood can reduce
the risk of skin cancer by 80%.
- It is estimated that 2.3 million teens visit a tanning
salon at least once a year.
- Teens may be especially susceptible to skin cancer because
their cells are dividing and changing more rapidly than those
- In the past 20 years there has been more than a 100% increase
in the cases of pediatric melanoma.
- Unlike for adults, there are currently no set guidelines
for skin examinations in children.
- Less than half of all teenagers use sunscreen.
- The effects of photoaging (skin aging caused by the sun
or tanning machines) can be seen as early as in one's 20's.
UV Specialty Sites:
& Johnson's™ Your Baby
Osteopathic College of Dermatology
Center for Disease
Control and Prevention